Actually, the destruction of the Germanic towns was little short of terrorism. The intended audience at the time would be the inhabitants of Rome, and eventually historians. Get it as soon as Wed, Sep 11. It was successful: no Roman ever asked if it was really necessary to conquer these vast territories. Details: Caesar crossed the Alps and defeated the Germanic barbarian invasion of Gaul or 58 bc. En route he was captured by pirates (one of the symptoms of the anarchy into which the Roman nobility had allowed the Mediterranean world to fall). In the spring of 58 BCE, Caesar's legions were already in the eastern parts of his province: the Seventh, the Eighth, the Ninth and especially the Tenth, which was called 'the knights' and was very dear to Caesar. In 57 bc, he defeated the most important of the Gallic tribes in the Belgium area. Julius Caesar was a renowned general, politician and scholar in ancient Rome who conquered the vast region of Gaul and helped initiate the end … He spent the year 50 bce in organizing the newly conquered territory. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1. The Helvetians had migrate to the south-west of France and had to cross through Roman territories. But Caesar had by now changed his mind: he now set out to conquer all of Gaul. In the second century, mass migrations from Germanic tribes had started, for reasons that remain unclear to us. When Caesar was besieging the Gauls at Alesia, Vercingetorix in a brilliant maneuver surrounded the Roman legions. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! These peoples were exterminated by Caesar in 55 bce. NOW 50% OFF! In 58 bce Rome’s northwestern frontier, established in 125 bce, ran from the Alps down the left bank of the upper Rhône River to the Pyrenees, skirting the southeastern foot of the Cévennes and including the upper basin of the Garonne River without reaching the Gallic shore of the Atlantic. Nephew to Popular Gaius Marius, he was earmarked by the Optimate dictator Sulla for prosciption after … No, he didn’t conquer Britain—even though his skill as a self-propagandist has often led people to think that he did. The conquest of Gaul is one of the best known episodes in Roman history. Pompey had carried out his mission to put the East in order with notable success, but after his return to Italy and his disbandment of his army in 62 bce, the Senate had thwarted him—particularly by preventing him from securing land allotments for his veterans. In 54 BCE, Caesar invaded Britain again. This was used by Caesar as a pretext to intervene in Gaul and to begin its conquest. This action gave Caesar sufficient time to lead his army across the Alps and to recruit two extra legions (Eleven and Twelve). Julius Caesar, commander of the Roman forces, wrote a very detailed account of this. The Senate also secured by massive bribery the election of an anti-Caesarean, Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus. A Gallic chieftain on one of Caesar's coins. I dive in to take a look at the new Roman history card driven wargame, designed by Mark Simonitch, from GMT Games. Many rightly predicted that Caesar would seek to conquer all of Gaul, and some sought alliance with Rome. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Vercingetorix Surrenders to Julius Caesar. Details: Caesar crossed the Alps and defeated the Germanic barbarian invasion of Gaul or 58 bc. Most people in Italy were afraid of new Gallic invasio… Caesar: Rome VS Gaul is for two players, ages 14+, and carries an MSRP of $60.00. Caesar then defeated an attack on the Roman army on the march and was thus able to besiege Vercingetorix in Alesia, to the northwest of Dijon. Caesar now succeeded in organizing an irresistible coalition of political bosses. Paperback $14.95 $ 14. In March, 58 B.C.E. Caesar raided Britain in 55 BC and cro… Only Caesar, on good terms with both, was in a position to reconcile them. Caesar conquered these piecemeal, and the concerted attempt made by a number of them in 52 bce to shake off the Roman yoke came too late. Its commander was Marcus Licinius Crassus, the son of the triumvir. They planned to cut off the Roman forces from Caesar, who had been wintering on the other side of the Alps. Caesar was to prove to be a general of genius. Based on the Channel coast, these tribes earned Caesar’s ire by siding with the Veneti. If the Romans were afraid of the Gauls, they were terrified of the Germans. The peoples of central Gaul found a national leader in the Arvernian Vercingetorix. Caesar's colonels took charge of mopping up expeditions along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. In 57 bce Caesar subdued the distant and warlike Belgic group of Gallic peoples in the north, while his lieutenant Publius Licinius Crassus subdued what are now the regions of Normandy and Brittany. Caesar: Rome VS Gaul is for two players, ages 14+, and carries an MSRP of $60.00. His ambitions led him to mobilize an army, which then marched into Gaul where he became governor after defeating the armies there. Labienus was sent with the bulk of the cavalry among the Treveri which was near the Rh… A victory over the Germans would place him on the same rank as his uncle Marius. Meanwhile, in Rome, public thanksgiving lasting fifteen days were decreed by the Senate. Caesar ought to have taken his armies back to the south; letting them stay at Besançon was a deliberate provocation. Besides, there were reports about Germans that were attacking the Aedui, a Gallic tribe in the valley of the Saône that was allied to Rome. His ambitions led him to mobilize an army, which then marched into Gaul where he became governor after defeating the armies there. The other important tribes submitted to Rome and Caesar announced that Gaul was conquered. From the publisher’s website: In 58 BC, Gaius Julius Caesar was appointed by the Roman Senate as proconsul for Gaul, for which he was given 4 legions. The most determined of these rebels were the Bellovaci, between the Rivers Seine and Somme, around Beauvais. 2. Gallia Belgica was conquered by the Romans in 52BC Gallia Belgica was situated in northern Gaul with the rivers Marne and Seine as southern borders It originally bordered on the Rhine but was pushed back by Roman colonies and incoming Germanic tribes During the 1st century AD. This is exactly what happened. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 - 15 March 44 BCE), Roman statesman, general, author, famous for the conquest of Gaul (modern France and Belgium) and his subsequent coup d'état. In 53 bce he subdued further revolts in Gaul and bridged the Rhine again for a second raid. He spent the winter in Cisalpine Gaul, having an eye on the city of Rome and giving instructions to Piso. Some allies of the Romans in Gaul (modern France and Belgium) were defeated by Germanic tribes. Under any other general the Roman army would have been demolished, but Caesar successfully turned that tide and defeated the Gaul’s at … After his successes, it seemed easy. Caesar corners the Helvetii near the Aeudui oppidum, Bibracte, and forces them to attack him. British tin was traditionally transported along the rivers Garonne and Seine: an additional bonus. Gaul as a whole consisted of a multitude of states of different ethnic origin. Vercingetorix wanted to avoid pitched battles and sieges and to defeat the Romans by cutting off their supplies—partly by cavalry operations and partly by “scorched earth”—but he could not persuade his countrymen to adopt this painful policy wholeheartedly. He defeated them in battle and then pursued them until they surrendered. During this event, a crowd of 100 or more senators showed up to petition for their desired sovereign patronages. Cisalpine Gaul gave Caesar a military recruiting ground; Transalpine Gaul gave him a springboard for conquests beyond Rome’s northwest frontier. Caesar's Conquest of Gaul Gaius Julius Caesar, born 100 B.C.E. As a result of the financial burdens of his consulship in 59 BC, Caesar incurred significant debts. Expulsion of Ariovistus from Gaul (58 B.C) Book II: The Conquest of the Belgic Tribes 1. Caesar tried to organize them into a Gallic “national” council. When Caesar had first intervened in Gaul in 58 b.c., many of the tribes had welcomed him as a friend and liberator. He order… Following the victory at Alesia, those who opposed Caesar were killed or made slaves. He was acquiring the military manpower, the plunder, and the prestige that he needed to secure a free hand for the prosecution of the task of reorganizing the Roman state and the rest of the Greco-Roman world. He defeated the chief of a British tribe, Cassivellaunus, in a battle near modern London and crossed the Thames. 2.8 out of 5 stars 2. When the governor of Transalpine Gaul, Metellus Celer, died unexpectedly, the province was also awarded to Caesar at the suggestion of P… Caesar the Conquest of Gaul. His tenure was to last until February 28, 54 bce. Suddenly Rome’s influence was no longer centered on the Mediterranean, and this had important consequences for its future expansion. The Conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar was initially written as commentaries by Caesar in a third person narrative, allowing the literature to come across more objective and unbiased to its reader. Caesar corners the Helvetii near the Aeudui oppidum, Bibracte, and forces them to attack him. In March, 58 B.C.E. Book I: The Expulsion of Intruders. In 54 bce he raided Britain again and subdued a serious revolt in northeastern Gaul. All content copyright © 1995–2020 Livius.org. Indeed, the Gallic cavalry was probably superior to the Roman, horseman for horseman. The Gallic Wars {gal'-ik} Julius Caesar's campaigns in Gaul (58-51 BC) are collectively termed the Gallic Wars.In 58 BC, Gallic agitation against the Suevi, a German tribe that had recently conquered territory in Gaul, and the threat of invasion by the Helvetii, a Celtic tribe from the area that is now Switzerland, gave Caesar a pretext to advance his career through war. At this moment, contingents of the Boii and Tulingi tribes hit Caesar's right flank. And he wrote the first part of his Commentary on the war in Gaul, which had two purposes: he could boast about his successes, and he could explain why he had to attack the rest of Gaul. This page was created in 1997; last modified on 7 May 2020. In 56 bce the Veneti, in what is now southern Brittany, started a revolt in the northwest that was supported by the still unconquered Morini on the Gallic coast of the Strait of Dover and the Menapii along the south bank of the lower Rhine. Before this conquest, the Roman Republic had been centered on the Mediterranean. The survivors were forced to return east. The Gaul in the North and West were alarmed by the appearance of Romans and they began to form defensive alliances. There was significant unrest among Gallic kings. In the spring of 57 BCE, he raised two legions (Thirteen and Fourteen), and together with the other troops, he surprised the Belgian nation of the Remi, who lived in modern Reims. His presence prevented the Remi from taking part in the Belgian attack on the Romans, and as it turned out, they even sided with Caesar. Under any other general the Roman army would have been demolished, but Caesar successfully turned that tide and defeated the Gaul’s at … Early in 59 bce, Pompey sealed his alliance with Caesar by marrying Caesar’s only child, Julia. Cisalpine Gaul (Latin: Gallia Cisalpina, also called Gallia Citerior or Gallia Togata) was the part of Italy inhabited by Celts during the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.After its conquest by the Roman Republic in the 220s BC it was considered geographically part of Roman Italy but remained administratively separated. 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